Malware is malicious software designed to damage a website, network or computer. A malware infection causes many problems that reduce the efficiency of any computer network. If neglected, it may lead to intrusion by cybercriminals who compromise the safety of a network. That said, a malware attack can cost a business both money and customers. Here are the top 7 types of malware any business should be aware of:
7 Common Types of Malware
1. Fileless Malware
These are the most difficult types of malware to detect. This is because they do not use files and cannot be detected by traditional antivirus programs. They exploit legitimate programs on the operating system causing significant damages.
This is malware installed on a user’s device to steal their data without their knowledge. Spyware may steal sensitive information such as bank details, credit card numbers and even passwords. The different types of spyware include adware and tracking cookies which can detect any operations done on a computer.
This kind of malware does not self-replicate and hence appears as legitimate software. This way, they trick the user to install them on a device. When installed, they download other types of malware that causes harm to the website or computer.
These are malicious self-replicating programs that move from one computer to another. Notably, they are highly infectious and they spread very fast through networks. Unlike viruses, they do not require activation by the user since they are stand-alone programs. These worms can cause many damages such as corrupting website files, draining system resources as well as getting unauthorised access to data.
Rootkits allow unauthorised users to access a system or a device without the user’s knowledge. This means that they expose a system to cyber criminals who may cause significant damage. Additionally, this type of malware is difficult to uncover and can remain in the system for a very long time.
Keyloggers are a type of software that records every keystroke made by a user. This means that they are only a threat when used by cybercriminals to gain unauthorized access to a system. Through this malware, cybercriminals steal passwords and other personal information to enter into a system illegally.
The last yet dangerous one on the list is Ransomware. Ransomware is a type of malware that exerts encryption to invade a user’s or organisation’s information at ransom. Ransomware gains access when a malicious link is clicked or an infected file is opened. When the system is affected by Ransomware, the hacker can have access to the organisation’s critical data.
Contact Rule Technology and Protect Your Business!
Since businesses face many IT security threats, it is important to have a qualified IT support service team for any business. Hiring Rule technology means that you can access high tech protection from all forms of malware and cybercriminals. We also help in mitigating the impacts of cybercrimes if they occur. Call us today and book a consultation!